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Employment in the 2nd quarter of 2021
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Employment in the 2nd quarter of 2021

Last update: 03.09.2021
Ilustratívny obrázok/Illustrative image
Publisher: Headquarters Bratislava
Topic: Demographic and social statistics
Domain: Labour
Publish Date: 03.09.2021

(according to the Labour Force Survey) 1)

In the 2nd quarter, employment was lower by 1,5 % year-on-year, but the decline in the number of workers was slower than at the beginning of the year.

There was a lower number of employees year-on-year in the second quarter of 2021 in all regions except Nitra.  Among the sectors, there was a continuing most significant year-on-year decrease in the number of employees in accommodation and food services, where 25 % fewer people worked than a year ago.

According to the Labour Force Sample Survey (LFSS), employment decreased by 1,5 % year-on-year, in the 2nd quarter of 2021), the number of employees 2) in Slovakia decreased to  2 535,3 thousand. Compared to the previous quarter (1st quarter of 2021), seasonally adjusted total employment increased by 1,5 % and reached 2 545,3 thous. persons.

The employment rate 3)  expressing the share of employees in the total population dropped by 0,3 percentage points (p.p.) to 74 %, compared with the 2nd quarter of 2020.

The change in EU legislation resulted in significant methodological changes in the LFS and data from 2021 are not compatible with data for previous periods, so it is not possible to compare them in a longer time series. In order to ensure selected characteristics of the change in the labor market, the basic year-on-year indices were recalculated as much as possible, in accordance with the new methodology, but not the older LFS data.

A total of 10 out of the 19 monitored sectors of the economy, the number of employees was lower year-on-year during the months of April to June, mainly due to the pandemic. However, the year-on-year decline was slower than in the previous quarter in all the main sectors of the economy. 1,6 % fewer people than last year worked in the pandemic-stricken service sectors. However, the situation in services improved compared to the first quarter, with the drop in employment in services up to 5 % at the beginning of the year.

Among the services sector, employment decreased the most in accommodation and food service activities (by a quarter) and in transportation and storage (by 11,1 %). Year-on-year, employment also dropped in the other six service sectors, though the decline was below 10 %.

In industry, employing the largest number of people, currently 686,6 thous. persons were working, their number decreased by 2,4 % year-on-year, which was also a slighter decrease than in the previous quarter (1st quarter of 2021). Employment also decreased in agriculture by 4,1 %, on the contrary, the number of workers in construction increased by 1,3 %.

Similar to the previous quarter, the largest relative decreases in the number of employees were recorded among those aged under 25, their number was lower by 11,9 %. Employment also dropped among those aged 25 to 34, by 6,1 %.

Both employment and the employment rates were lower in all regions of Slovakia, with the exception of the Nitra, where the number of employed was slightly higher than last year. Among the other regions, employment indicators decreased the most in Trenčiansky kraj, where the number of employed was lower by 3,8 % and the employment rate by 2,3 p.p. to 77,4 %. The lowest employment rate was in Košický kraj at 67,3 % and on the contrary, the highest in Bratislavský kraj at 83,3 %. 

In the 2nd quarter, 106,5 thous. people left Slovakia for work abroad 4) compared with the corresponding period their number decreased by 8,7 %. They were employed mainly in construction (36,2 thous. persons), industry (21,3 thous. persons) and in human health and social work activities (15,9 thous. persons). From the European countries, they worked mainly in Germany (28,6 thous. people), Austria (26,5 thous. people) and the Czech Republic (22 thous. people). Absolutely most of them were from Prešovský kraj (29,2 thous. people) and more than 15 thous. persons also went to work abroad from Žilinský kraj (17,1 thous. persons) and Košický kraj (15,3 thous. persons).

Employment in the 1st half of 2021

On average, in the first half of 2021, total employment decreased by 3,2 % year-on-year to 2 518,6 thous. pesons. The greatest employee drops were in accommodation and food service activities. The number of employees decreased in all regions, relatively most in Trenčiansky kraj by 5,2 %, in other regions the drop was below 5 %. The employment rate was at the level of 73,5 %, compared to the 1st half of last year it decreased by 1,6 p.p.

Compared to the 1st half of 2020, the number of people working abroad up to 1 year decreased by 10 % to 108,4 thous. persons. They worked mainly in construction and industry. The number of people working abroad in the field of human health and social work activities decreased the most year-on-year, but also in wholesale and retail trade, with decreases in both activities by more than 20 %. The highest number of workers abroad were from Prešovský kraj, representing more than a quarter of the total number. 


On the methodological change:

Due to the fundamental international methodological adjustment for the 2021 Labor Force Sample Survey data from 2021 are not compatible with data for previous periods. In order to at least partially monitor the real development of the labor market, the missing numbers of the main indicators were replaced with estimates - comparable year-on-year indices. Data for comparable quarters of 2020 have been adjusted in a way that corresponds as closely as possible to the new methodology. It is not possible to perform a complex adjustment of other older data according to the new methodological rules.

A pan-European change in the LFS methodology was implemented on the basis of Regulation (EU) 2019/1700 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a common framework for European statistics on persons and households on the basis of individual data collected from samples (so-called IESS) and binding regulations.

According to the new methodology, inter alia, an upper limit for workers has been changed to 89 years (the lower remained at the level of 15 years), at the same time, persons on paid activation work no longer belong to the group of workers, but persons on parental leave are also newly included among workers. More detailed information can be found in note 2) and in the chapter Demography and social statistics / Labour / Metadata

1) LFSS methodology is in accordance with international definitions and recommendations of the ILO and Eurostat
2) according to the LFSS, the employed are all persons over 15 age, who perform work for 1 hour at least in surveyed (reference) week and who get wage, salary or other remuneration or bonus in order to gain profit, including persons performing a contractual work, seasonal workers, persons on maternity leave, persons employed abroad less than 1 year, persons commuting to work abroad and persons paid for activation works; respondents are included into sectors by economic activity of local unit, not the whole company
3) expressed as a percentage of the number of employed persons aged 20-64 from the total population of the same age
4) according to LFS; migration for work abroad up to 1 year, including no time-limited commuting abroad (across borders)

Employed by the Labour Force Sample Survey (since 2021) [pr0002qs]

Employed by the Labour Force Sample Survey ( Years 2012 - 2020) [pr0902qs]

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